BEIJING, Oct. 13 (ChinaMil) -- Toshimichi Nagaiwa, former commander of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF), accused China's East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) of violating international laws at the plenary session on maritime crisis management and regional stability of the 7th Xiangshan Forum on Tuesday morning.
Toshimichi Nagaiwa said China's delimitation of the East China Sea ADIZ is questionable and the selective management is in violation of international laws.
Jiang Xinfeng, an attendee at the forum and a research fellow with the PLA Academy of Military Science (AMS), refuted his accusation on the spot.
"If you call China's setup of East China Sea ADIZ selective management and in violation of international laws, did Japan observe the international law when it included China's Diaoyu Island in its air defense identification zone in the 1970s and the boundary was only 130km from Chinese coast at nearest?"
Toshimichi Nagaiwa didn't answer the question. Jiang said Japan was obviously adopting double standards. It was totally natural and legitimate for China to set up the East China Sea ADIZ.
She pointed out that there is overlapping between China's East China Sea ADIZ and Japan's ADIZ, and the two sides can create a liaison mechanism to avoid conflicts.
At present, there is no international law on the delimitation of ADIZ, so various countries set it up according to their own airspace security demand. China's East China Sea ADIZ is overlapped with Japan's ADIZ in many areas because the East China Sea isn't that wide in the first place, so the two countries have conducted tracking and anti-tracking in the overlapped areas, according to Jiang.
Jiang Xinfeng said both China and Japan should exercise constraint and set up a mechanism to prevent frictions in overlapped areas. The two countries are negotiating the East China Sea liaison mechanism that covers not only sea areas but also airspace. This is very important, Jiang stressed. Toshimichi Nagaiwa also accused China of always bringing up territorial disputes in their discussions about sea and air crisis management and control, which prevented the discussions from making progress.
In response, Jiang Xinfeng said "the sea and airspace of the Diaoyu Dao is where China-Japan frictions are most likely to occur. If this area is not included in the negotiation for China-Japan sea and air liaison mechanism, I think the mechanism will be much less effective and meaningful than we would hope. What does Japan think?"
Toshimichi Nagaiwa averted this question too. Jiang Xinfeng said the aversion cannot solve the problem, and sea and airspace around the Diaoyu Island is an important part of the liaison mechanism between the two countries.
Japan doesn't want to include Diaoyu Dao in the mechanism, but it's the place where China-Japan frictions are most likely to occur in the East China Sea, and the mechanism won't be so useful if the Diaoyu Island isn't covered, said Jiang.
"What's Japan's concern? It has always denied the existence of sovereign disputes with China over the Diaoyu Dao, and believed China would concede on this issue. Well, that's not true. China has made it very clear that the Diaoyu Dao is Chinese territory", she said.
"The mechanism we are negotiating now is to prevent danger and keep crisis from escalating. Why set it up at all if the most vulnerable part is removed?", she asked.
Jiang advised Japan to adopt a positive attitude toward the negotiation so that the mechanism can be created and pave the way for problem solving.