On October 14, 1952, the US-led UN troops launched the Kimhwa Offensive, aiming to seize Shangganling. To crush the Offensive, the Chinese people's volunteers (CPV) waged a fierce defensive war, namely, the famous Shangganling Battle.
In the 43-day battle, the enemy showered over 1.9 million bullets and more than 10,000 bombs on the battle ground of 3,700 square meters guarded by two companies of the volunteer troops. The CPV repelled the enemy over 900 charges, annihilated more than 25,000 enemy troops, shot down and injured more than 270 enemy warplanes, 14 tanks and more than 60 cannons.
Through this battle, the CPV smashed the offensive commanded by Van Fleet, the commander of the U.S. 8th Army, held the position and created an example of defensive warfare.