BEIJING, June 12 (ChinaMil) -- The sovereignty dispute between the Philippines and China over the South China Sea should be peacefully solved through negotiations based on previous consensus and agreements reached by the two sides and unilateral coercive promotion of the arbitration is contrary to principles of the international law, said expert Gustavo Girado of the Asia and Argentina Consultancy in an exclusive interview on June 10, 2016.
Girado said, "In the past, the two countries reached some agreements or consensus through negotiations to resolve sovereignty disputes over the South China Sea and this is the foundation and starting point for the two sides to solve the problem. The Philippines does not comply with the agreements and unilaterally instituted mandatory international arbitration and such inappropriate approach will only worsen bilateral relations and make future solutions complicated."
Girado noted that China and ASEAN countries signed the "Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" in 2002, which explicitly required that relevant countries should resolve territorial and jurisdictional disputes through friendly consultations and negotiations.
He said: "The action of the Philippines is contrary to the international commitments it made when signing the declaration."
Girado said, "China was the first country to name the South China Sea islands and to implement administrative jurisdiction and development on them. The historical facts are very clear. However, the Philippines tried to resolve sovereignty dispute through international arbitration. Its behavior lacks support from historical facts, international law and other reasonable basis." He said that such practice should raise the attention of the international community.
When talking about that China does not accept mandatory arbitration in the South China Sea, Girado expressed support for China's position.
He said, "It is reasonable that China does not accept the arbitration because the two sides already had agreements on how to resolve the disputes , that is, through negotiation in a peaceful and responsible manner."
Girado explained, "According to United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the peaceful settlement of sovereign and territory disputes should comply with previous agreements between related countries, which include treaties, agreements and willingness to accept third-party arbitration, etc. Since China and the Philippines have signed a treaty to resolve the issues through consultation and negotiation, the two sides should follow this principle."
There is a complicated international background behind the South China Sea dispute and there are involvement and intervention of many third-parties, believed Girado.
Girado also spoke of the strategy of "Rebalance to Asia-Pacific" of the United Sates. He said, "The U.S.developed a special intervention policy for this region since the first term of President Obama. It is very obvious that the U.S. Navy often appears in a specific area in order to exert influence on issues concerning the interests of the United States."
The author is Ye Shuhong, a reporter from the Xinhua News Agency.