Sponsored by PLA Daily of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
|Producer & Editor:Zhao Xianfeng, Lian Junyi, Yang Liming,Ouyang Dongmei,Xuan Qi|
PLA Daily 2005-07-28
Sixty years ago, at 0:16 on May 9, 1945, the representatives of Nazi Germany's supreme headquarters signed the instrument of unconditional surrender at the base camp of the Russian army in the outskirts of Berlin. At that very moment, the horrible antifascists war on European battlefield in World War II finally ended.
It happened in a pitch-dark night at Karlshorst, Germany. From then on, the world broke loose from the darkness and made for the dawn.
About exactly five years, eight months and eight days before that night, i.e. on the dawn of Sept. 1, 1939, the German troops launched large-scale attack against Poland. The invasion started at 4:45 in the early morning. When horrendous sound of explosion woke up Polish soldiers from their dream, the world began to slip into abyss of darkness of the World War II.
World War I, which started from July 28, 1914, lasted for four years and three months, and involved 1.5 billion people from 35 countries and regions. It spread from Europe to sea areas in Asia, Africa and the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean and the Pacific, resulting in death of over 20 million people.
However World War I paled into insignificance compared to World War II in terms of scale, casualties and losses. In World War II, two billion people from over 60 countries and regions were involved, accounting for 80% of the world total population. World War II lasted for six years, and its flames spread to Europe, Asia and Africa and four oceans with the number of people killed amounting to 55 million.
For Europe, World War II started from Sept. 1, 1939 when the German forces attacked Poland. For China, the war started on July 7, 1937, or even earlier from the September 18 Accident in 1931. China was the earliest country to be involved in the world's antifascists war, and incurred the greatest losses. The protracted fighting by the Chinese army and people with their "never-to-surrender" spirit had successfully enabled two thirds of the Japanese forces bogged down in quagmire, and had thus made great sacrifice and contributions to the victory of the world's antifascists war.
As the earliest country to start the antifascist war, the Chinese people must also remember forever the memorable sites where the Chinese people fought stubbornly against the Japanese aggressors under the most arduous conditions, such as the Lugou Bridge, the Pingxingguan Pass, Taierzhuang and the Langyashan Mountain…. Only by engraving the names of these places in our hearts, can we be truly aware of how the Chinese nation is able to achieve the glory today after going through great tribulation.
Today, someone in our surrounding areas openly want to revise the "Constitution of Peace", and tamper with history textbooks and visit the Yasukuni Shrine where the souls of the war dead are revered alongside Class A war criminals. What's more, they even said openly that although it is the 60th anniversary for the surrender of Japanese militarism this year, it is also the 100th anniversary for the victory of the Japan-Russia War, and also said that: "We must not only remember our defeat, but also our victory…" In the face of such mindset, can you say that the mission of the war has been accomplished?
The prerequisite for having no war in the world forever is to keep alive the memory of history, and always maintain sharp vigilance.