BEIJING, March 4 (Xinhuanet) -- The nature of the power
of supervision of the National People's Congress (NPC) and
its Standing Committee is to impose restrictions on other
national organs of state power and ensure that the government
be run in accordance with the will of the people.
The power of supervision of the NPC and its Standing
Committee,as defined by the Constitution, includes supervising
the enforcement of the Constitution and laws and supervising
the work of the State Council, the Supreme People's Court
and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
To be more specific, the NPC and its Standing Committee
supervise the enforcement of the Constitution, while people's
congresses and their standing committees at local levels
ensure that the Constitution, laws, administrative regulations
and decisions by people's congresses and their standing
committees at higher levels be abided by and enforced in
their respective regions.
Another aspect of the supervisory function of the NPC
and its Standing Committee is to see whether or not the
work of the State Council, the Supreme People's Court and
the Supreme People's Procuratorate accords with the Constitution
and laws, whether or not they appropriately implement the
principles and policies of the Communist Party of China
and the State, whether or not their work accords with the
fundamental interests of the people, and whether or not
relevant officials do their jobs competently.
The role of supervision also includes examining and approving
the national or local economic and social development plan
and itsimplementation at the national or local level; examining
and approving the fiscal budget and its implementation at
the nationalor local level; and electing, appointing and