836. The United Nations (UN) peace-keeping operations are conducted
by a group of volunteer military personnel dispatched according
to the resolutions of the UN Security Council or its General Assembly
to global hotspots to restore and maintain peace.
837. Under the UN Charter, the United Nations can attempt to solve
international conflicts either by diplomatic means or coercive measures,
including embargoes, economic sanctions or by sending in UN troops.
838. Peace-keeping operations are usually required when all the
methods adopted by the UN for the peaceful settlement of disputes
fail to bring permanent peace.
839.All the peace-keeping operations are only temporary measures.
840.Peace-keeping operations have been most commonly employed
to supervise and help maintain ceasefires, to assist in troop withdrawals,
and to provide a buffer between opposing forces.
841. The military personnel who serve in peace-keeping operations
are provided by Member States on a voluntary basis.
842. It is a key principle that the operation must not interfere
in internal affairs of the host countries and must not in any way
favour one party against another.
843.Those who serve in military observer missions are almost invariably
844. Those who serve in peace-keeping forces are equipped with
light defensive weapons but are not authorized to use force except
845.Peace-keeping operations most of the times are faced with
the problems of insufficient funds.
846. It happens because a majority of the 182 UN members do not
pay their dues. The largest defaulter has been the United States.
847. Command of the peace-keeping operations is either directly
controlled by the UN general secretary, or approved by the Security
Council and authorized by the general secretary to some regional
organizations or major powers.
848. The UN peace-keepers are exclusively responsible to the United
849. The UN peace-keeping forces won the Nobel Peace Prize in