Expert: China's future destroyer more advanced than USS Zumwalt

专家:中国未来万吨级驱逐舰将比美DDG-1000更先进

Source
China Military Online
Editor
Zhang Tao
Time
2016-09-01
央视截图:美媒公布的055型驱逐舰的照片。
Snapshot from CCTV report: photo of the Type-055 destroyer published by U.S. media
 

近日,美国《海军知识》网站报道称,中国海军第一艘排水量超过一万吨的水面主战舰艇——055型驱逐舰不仅已经开始建造,而且进展迅速。

BEIJING, September 1 (ChinaMil) -- The U.S. Navy Knowledge Online (NKO) website recently reported that the Type 055 destroyer, the PLA Navy's first surface main battle vessel with the displacement of more than 10,000 tons, is under construction with fast progress.

军事专家杜文龙在接受央视《今日亚洲》采访时表示,未来水面舰艇通用化是大势所趋。

Du Wenlong, a senior researcher at the PLA Academy of Military Science, said in an interview with CCTV's Asia Today that general utilization is the future trend of surface vessels.

若中国真的正在研制055型驱逐舰,则该型舰必定是中国大型通用平台的起点,而且其瞄准的将是比美国DDG-1000更为先进的高端技术。

If China were really developing the Type 055 destroyer, it would be the beginning of China's large universal platform, and it would employ cutting-edge technologies more advanced than the USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000).

据美媒报道,根据拍于2015年10月的照片显示,055型驱逐舰第一个分段模块成型,到了2016年5月,该舰尾部的模块也已经出现,很可能是舰载直升机起降平台和机库。

According to U.S. media, the photo taken in October 2015 showed that the first module of the Type 055 destroyer was in shape, and its stern module appeared in May 2016, which was probably the takeoff/landing platform and hangar for ship-borne helicopters.

而2016年7月底8月初的照片则显示,位于上海的造船厂已经开始对舰体进行组装。美媒就此判断,中国首艘055级驱逐舰很可能将在2017年年初下水,最快2018年交付海军。

Photos taken in late July and early August this year indicated that a Shanghai-based shipyard was assembling the vessel body. The U.S. media therefore conjectured that China's first Type 055 destroyer might enter water in early 2017 and be delivered to the PLA Navy in 2018 at soonest.

不过,中国军方对于有关055型大型舰艇的传言从未公开回应。

However, the Chinese military never responded to rumors about the Type 055 destroyer.

据央视报道,目前中国海军主力水面作战舰艇包括驱逐舰和护卫舰等,其中最先进的052D级驱逐舰排水量也低于一万吨。因此外界对所谓055型万吨级驱逐舰非常关注,部分美国媒体甚至将其称为巡洋舰。

CCTV reported that the PLA Navy's main surface vessels include destroyers and frigates, and the most advanced Type-052D destroyer has a displacement of less than 10,000 tons. Therefore, the Type-055 destroyer has drawn close attention, and some U.S. media even called it a cruiser.

在美国海军中,巡洋舰的行政级别较高,巡洋舰舰长相当于一支驱逐舰中队的指挥官,更重要的是,巡洋舰是航母的贴身护卫,当航母舰队出海作战时,驱逐舰和潜艇都可以随时脱离编队单独行动,唯有巡洋舰寸步不离。

In the U.S. Navy, cruiser is on a higher administrative level than destroyer and a cruiser captain is equivalent to the commander of a destroyer squadron. More importantly, cruiser is the escort of aircraft carrier. When a carrier battle group sets out on the sea, destroyers and submarines can leave the group to act independently, but cruiser has to be with the aircraft carrier all the time.

杜文龙指出,被称作“海上三兄弟”的巡洋舰、驱逐舰、护卫舰正在逐渐合一,大型通用平台未来可能会取代海上所有的作战舰艇,

According to Du Wenlong, cruiser, destroyer and frigate, the three buddies on the sea, are being integrated and large universal platforms may replace all combat vessels in the future.

“通用化是大势所趋,中国海军也正在探索水面装备通用化道路,如果中国真的正在研制055型驱逐舰,它一定是中国大型通用平台的起点,它若下水,对中国海军而言无疑将是里程碑式的事件。”

"General utilization is the trend. The PLA Navy is exploring universal surface equipment. If China were really developing the Type-055 destroyer, it would be the beginning of China's large universal platform, and when it entered water, it would be a major milestone for the Chinese Navy," Du said.

美国《海军知识》网站认为,随着中国经济的迅速发展,海外利益正不断扩大,在目前还缺乏海外军事基地的背景之下,中国迫切需要更大的水面主战舰艇,因为吨位更大就意味着能在海上停留的时间更长。

The NKO website held that as the Chinese economy develops rapidly, its overseas interests are expanding continuously. Since China has no overseas military base yet, it is in urgent need of larger surface main battle vessels because larger tonnage means longer stay on the sea.

综合美媒此前的分析,中国现役的052C型“中华神盾”舰排水量约为7000吨,配备导弹垂直发射单元48个,052D排水量约为7500吨,配备导弹垂直发射单元64个,而新一代的055型驱逐舰排水量将超过一万吨,导弹垂直发射单元有望达到90-100个。

Based on previous analyses by U.S. media, the Type-052C "China Aegis" that's currently in service with a displacement of about 7,000 tons is equipped with 48 vertical missile launching units, the Type-052D has a displacement of about 7,500 tons with 64 vertical launching units, and the new-generation Type-055 destroyer will have a displacement of over 10,000 tons with 90-100 vertical launching units.

更重要的是,现役的“中华神盾”舰只能执行防空、反舰和反潜任务,而055还大幅增强了对陆地的打击能力。专家表示,新一代水面舰艇将有“革命性”进步,自身战力加强的同时,对航母的保护能力也更上一层楼。

More importantly, the current Type-052C is only able to carry out air defense, anti-vessel and anti-submarine tasks while the Type-055 has considerably improved ground strike capability. Expert said the new-generation surface vessel will have "revolutionary" progress. It will be better able to protect aircraft carrier with enhanced combat capability.

杜文龙表示,目前中国的确需要类似传言的055型驱逐舰这样的大型多用途水面舰艇作为航母的“带刀侍卫”。中国海军驱逐舰发展采取的是“小步快跑”的方式,此前已有052C、052D等型驱逐舰加入了作战序列,但尚未达到通用化和多用途,航母“带刀侍卫”距离“满分”还有差距。

According to Du Wenlong, China does need large multi-purpose surface vessel like Type-055 destroyer to serve as the "armed guard" of aircraft carrier. The current Type-052C and Type-052D cannot serve general and multiple purposes, leaving room for improvement.

今后中国海军若真能拥有万吨级大型驱逐舰,综合作战能力将大幅增强,不断海军传统的反舰、防空、反导作战能力将得到强化,还能增加对陆攻击能力,对航母的护卫能力也将更强。

If the PLA Navy were to have 10,000-ton-class large destroyer, its overall combat capability would be significantly enhanced. Not only will the traditional anti-ship, air-defense and anti-missile capabilities be reinforced, but it will also be able to carry out ground strike and better protect the aircraft carrier.

而且中国未来的万吨级驱逐舰肯定还会具备海基中段反导能力,这是对现有“中华神盾”舰的继承和发展,是我国大型驱逐舰走向成熟的必由之路。

Besides, Du stressed, China's future 10,000-ton-class destroyer is sure to have sea-based midcourse anti-missile capability. That will be an improvement of current "China Aegis" destroyers and the only way for China's large destroyers to become more mature.

杜文龙还指出,中国的万吨驱逐舰在技术发展上起点高,具有后发优势,瞄准的一定是比美国DDG-1000型隐形驱逐舰更加先进的高端技术。

Du also pointed out that developed on a high starting point, China's 10,000-ton-class destroyer has late-mover's advantages and will employ cutting-edge technologies more advanced than those on the USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000).

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