Expert: China's AEW&C aircraft have better maritime detection performance

专家:我国预警机海上探测性能提升

Source
China Military
Editor
Yao Jianing
Time
2016-10-09


资料图:国产空中预警机空警-500
File photo: China's home-made AEW&C aircraft KJ-500
 

9月,中国空军曾先后2次出动各型战机前出太平洋远海训练,除了备受关注的轰-6K远程轰炸机,出现在战机编队中的预警机也带给人们不小的惊喜。

BEIJING, October 8 (ChinaMil) -- The PLA Air Force dispatched various types of military aircraft for far-sea training in the Pacific Ocean twice in September, 2016. In addition to the H-6K long-range bomber that drew close attention, the airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft in the formation was also a big surprise.

军事专家王明亮在接受人民网采访时表示,预警机多次随编队赴远海训练,说明中国预警机对海上目标的探测能力正在提高。

Military expert Wang Mingliang said in an interview with the People's Daily Online that the fact that AEW&C aircraft participated in far-sea training repeatedly indicated that its ability of detecting targets on the sea was improving.

未来有可能在运-20的基础上发展新一代预警机,中国预警机与世界先进预警机间的差距将越来越小。

A new-generation AEW&C aircraft will likely be developed on the basis of Y-20, further narrowing the gap between China-made AEW&C aircraft and world advanced AEW&C aircraft.

王明亮介绍称,预警机承担的主要任务为空中目标搜索和识别,以及情报处理并分发给各作战飞机。

According to Wang, the main task of AEW&C aircraft is target search and identification in the sky, and intelligence processing and distribution to other combat aircraft.

相对陆基雷达而言,预警机更加灵活且探测距离更远,是现代空中作战体系中的枢纽装备。

Compared with land-based radar, it is more flexible with longer detection distance, and is a pivotal piece of equipment in modern air combat system.

我国有着辽阔的领海,只有沿海地区部分岛礁安放有陆基雷达,战机一旦赴远海便失去了陆基雷达的保障。

China has a vast territorial sea, but land-based radar is only installed in some islands and reefs along the coast, so combat aircraft would not be supported by them land-based radar once they fly to the far sea.

因此,预警机在维护我国领海主权、保障海上权益、加大海上防御纵深等行动中,发挥着举足轻重的作用,是我国空中力量走出去的前提条件。

Therefore, AEW&C aircraft play a critical role in preserving China's territorial sea sovereignty, safeguarding its maritime rights and interests and reinforcing the maritime defense depth. It is the precondition for China's Air Force to go global.

近年预警机屡次参加空军远海训练,说明我军预警机对海上目标的探测能力正在提高,并且在军事训练中得到检验。

The AEW&C aircraft has participated in several far-sea training of the PLA Air Force in recent years, indicating that its ability of detecting maritime targets is improving and the ability has been tested in military training.

据悉,中国空军现役的预警机主要包括空警-200、空警-2000和空警-500。王明亮指出,被称为“大小预警”的空警-2000和空警-200是我国最早发展的空中预警机。这两型预警机采用的雷达天线不同,空警-2000的“蘑菇头”可无死角地探测周围空域,且探测距离更远,整体性能优于配备“平衡木”雷达的空警-200。

It is learnt that the Chinese Air Force currently has KJ-200, KJ-2000 and KJ-500, the first two being the earliest AEW&C aircraft of China. They use different radar antenna, and KJ-2000's "mushroom head" can detect surrounding air space without any dead zone and with a longer detection distance, resulting in an overall performance superior to that of KJ-200 that is fitted with the "balance beam" radar, according to Wang Mingliang.

空警-2000和空警-200主要针对的是陆地上空目标的探测任务,而空警-500在技术上有了新的进步,在探测海上目标方面获得新突破。

While KJ-2000 and KJ-200 mainly detect air targets above land, KJ-500 has made breakthroughs in detecting maritime targets thanks to its technological progress.

在谈到国产预警未来的发展方向时,王明亮表示,任何装备的发展都要根据国家未来需求而定。

When talking about the future development of home-made AEW&C aircraft, Wang Mingliang said all equipment should be developed according to national demand.

发展国产预警机要充分构想未来中国可能面临的冲突和战争,以及全面考虑可能需要遂行的多样化任务。

To develop home-made AEW&C aircraft, we should fully consider the possible conflicts and combats that China may face and the diversified missions it may have to implement in the future, Wang said.

未来,国产预警机作用范围首先要实现对我国领土领海的全疆域覆盖;其次要考虑保障战机在周边地区遂行的多样化任务,以及前伸防御纵深的需求,这都对预警机的海上探测能力提出了更高的要求。

In the future, China-made AEW&C aircraft will first and foremost cover all of China's territorial land and sea. It should also ensure that combat aircraft is able to implement diversified missions in surrounding areas and meet the demand for defense depth, which poses a higher demand on maritime detection capability of AEW&C aircraft.

另外,为了给执行海外任务的作战飞机提供情报保障,预警机要能够飞得更远,并且具备对山地、沙漠、森林、海洋等各种复杂地形条件的探测能力。

In order to provide intelligence for aircraft carrying out overseas missions, AEW&C aircraft should be able to fly farther and detect complicated terrain conditions including mountain, desert, forest and sea.

今年7月,国产大型、多用途运输机正式列装中国空军,这标志着着空军战略投送能力迈出了关键性的一步。运-20的改装潜能也一直备受关注,未来会否以运-20为平台改装新型预警机呢?

The home-made large and multi-purpose transport plane was officially commissioned in the PLA Air Force in July this year, marking a significant step forward of the Air Force's strategic delivery capability. The potential of modified Y-20 has also drawn close attention. Will AEW&C aircraft be modified in the future based on Y-20?

“未来中国的确有可能以运-20为平台改装新型预警机,这也符合各国预警机技术发展的规律。”王明亮说,若以运-20为平台改装新型预警机,首先其航程和留空时间会明显提高,很有可能将承担海外护航等远海任务,此外其雷达技术性能必然将进一步发展。

"It is indeed possible that China will modify the AEW&C aircraft based on Y-20, which conforms to the laws on technical development of AEW&C aircraft around the world." According to Wang Mingliang, the modified AEW&C aircraft will have improved flying range and hang time and will very likely carry out far-sea missions including overseas escort. Its radar performance will be significantly bettered too.

照此趋势,中国预警机性能与世界预警机发展前沿的差距将越来越小,将更有利于中国空军执行多样化任务。

Going forward, performance of China's AEW&C aircraft will be closer to the world cutting-edge level and better serve the PLA Air Force in carrying out diversified missions.

Disclaimer: The author is Qiu Yue, reporter from People's Daily Online. The information, ideas or opinions appearing in this article are those of the author's and do not reflect the views of english.chinamil.com.cn. English.chinamil.com.cn does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same. If the article carries photographs or images, we do not vouch for their authenticity.

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