BEIJING, Nov. 10 (ChinaMil) -- Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will pay a three-day visit to Japan from November 10. It is reported that Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe plans to sign Japan-India civil nuclear agreement during Moody's visit.
If the agreement is reached, it will be the first time for Japan to have a nuclear energy agreement with a country that has not signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. So why did Abe break "nuclear limits" and what is the real purpose behind it?
Japan softens its stance, and will sign nuclear deal with India
The talks on civil nuclear agreement between Japan and India have been held for a long time. India, as a nuclear power, has not joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. For this reason, Japan was reluctant to cooperate with India on civil nuclear technology for fear that India may use nuclear technology for military purposes.
When Abe visited India in December 2015, the two sides reached a consensus on signing a civilian nuclear energy agreement, but they did not sign a formal deal due to legal and technical issues. If the civilian nuclear agreement can be signed during Moody's visit to Japan, it will be Japan's first agreement with a non-contracting party of the non-proliferation treaty.
Abe's secret diplomacy aims to break nuclear limits
The Economic Times of India reported that there was political resistance in Japan - the only country to suffer atomic bombings during World War II - against a nuclear deal with India, particularly after the disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011.
But Abe used "negotiation in progress" and "involving state secrets" as excuses and thus did not explicitly publish the content, nor did he face the opposition parties to accept questions. Instead, Abe is eager to finalize the deal and get the Diet’s approval.
As early as Abe's visit to India in December 2015, a number of Japanese civil society groups and atomic bomb survivors protested, holding banners of "we cannot use nuclear to create peace" and "we oppose Japan-India nuclear agreement".
Abe takes the opportunity to expand exports to India
Abe also wants to expand the economic output to India by taking advantage of the Japan-India civil nuclear cooperation agreement. This time, Japan will also provide India with an economic and technical assistance package worth of $12 billion, including low-interest loans.
In addition to the nuclear energy cooperation agreement, Abe will also push the sell of 12 US-2i amphibious rescue aircraft worth of $1.6 billion during Modi's visit.
AFP said that Japan and India hope to promote cooperation in nuclear power facilities through the civilian nuclear agreement in order to strengthen the economic and security cooperation between the two countries.
Modi to use secret nuclear deal to promote development
In recent years, India's rapid economic growth also brings shortage of power supply. Nuclear power generation has become the focus of India's power development. Modi called the agreement reached last December between Japan and India on high-speed rail and civil nuclear projects "the beginning of a new era of cooperation between Japan and India".
Some Indians have been opposing the development of nuclear power, for environmental and ideological concerns.
India's left wing has been opposing Modi's developmentalism and the simple pursue of GDP. This time, in order to avoid causing domestic questioning and opposition, Modi is pushing the secret nuclear deal with Japan.
In 2008, the Indian government insisted on advancing the nuclear agreement with the US. As a result, the Indian left party decided to withdraw the support of the government and the main opposition party, the National People's Party also took the opportunity to launch Motion of No Confidence against the government.
Foreign media: Japan-India secret nuclear deal aims to jointly contain China
AFP reported on November 6 that Japan and India are expected to strengthen economic and security cooperation to jointly contain China as one of the driving forces of deepening Japan-India cooperation is to cope with the increasingly strong China.
Huang Yinghong, an associate professor at the School of International Studies at Sun Yat-Sen University, said Japan's cooperation with India shows that Abe wants India to be an influential force for Japan in order to balance China.
Japanese media said that in an effort to counter China, the Abe government is conducting secret diplomacy to promote civil nuclear agreement negotiations against domestic public opinion.
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