Expert: What's behind China's trial launch of DF-5C intercontinental missile

Expert: 中国试射东风-5C洲际导弹的深意

Source
China Military
Editor
Yao Jianing
Time
2017-02-14
资料图:东风5B型洲际导弹
File photo: DF-5B intercontinental missile

近日,有媒体刊文称,1月早些时候,中国进行了一次洲际导弹试射,测试了新的东风-5C导弹,这枚导弹携带了10个分导式弹头。

BEIJING, Feb. 14 (ChinaMil) -- Some international media reported recently that China trial-launched its new intercontinental missile DF-5C carrying 10 MIRVs (Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle) in early January.

那么,被评价为“国之重器”的东风-5C型洲际弹道导弹试射成功,到底有哪些战略意义?东风-5C都有哪些科技创新?

What's the strategic significance of the successful trial launch of DF-5C? What technological innovations does it have?

东风-5C的前世今生

History of DF-5C

东风家族成员有东风-5、东风-5A、东风-5B、东风-5C。

The Dongfeng family has DF-5, DF-5A, DF-5B and DF-5C.

东风-5洲际弹道导弹是中国研制的第一代洲际地地战略导弹。1980年5月18日全程飞行试验成功。

As the first-generation intercontinental ground-to-ground strategic missile developed by China, DF-5 accomplished its first successful full-range flight test on May 18, 1980.

导弹全长32.6米,弹径3.35米,起飞重量183吨,采用二级液体燃料火箭发动机。

With a full length of 32.6m, missile diameter of 3.35m and takeoff weight of 183 tons, the missile adopted second stage liquid rocket motor and was launched from the silo.

最大射程1.2万公里、1.5万公里(东风-5A),可携带1枚3000公斤威力为300万—400万吨TNT当量的核弹头,或4—5枚分导核弹头(东风-5A),命中精度500米。

It had the maximal firing range of 12,000km-15,000km (DF-5A), and could carry one 3000kg nuclear warhead of three or four million tons of TNT equivalent or four to five MIRVs (DF-5A), with a hitting accuracy of 500m.

最初东风-5采用一种相似的风格被部署。导弹被储存在高山下面的隧道一个水平位置中,而且移到隧道口外面立刻发射,有资料显示导弹加注燃料操作正常需要2个小时。

At first DF-5 series were deployed in a similar way. The missile was stored at a plane position in a tunnel under the mountain and could be vertically launched at the outside of the tunnel gate. Data show that it used to take two hours to fuel the missile.

稍后生产型东风-5和改良型东风-5A或许在发射井部署并且保持在就绪到发射状态。

The productive DF-5 and modified DF-5A later were deployed in the silo and kept in a ready-launch state.

直到2015年9月3日,中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日阅兵仪式上,东风-5B弹道导弹正式亮相,也就是改进型东风-5B弹道导弹公开亮相。

At the military parade celebrating the 70th anniversary of the victory of Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression on September 3, 2015, the modified DF-5B ballistic missile was debuted.

而东风-5C,它采用固定发射井发射方式,是东风-5型洲际导弹的最新改进型。有一种保守的说法,东风-5C的射程一定会超过1万公里,是真正的大国利器。

As to DF-5C, it adopts fixed silo and is the latest modified version of DF-5 series. A conservative guess is that DF-5C's firing range is bound to exceed 10,000km, making it a real trump card for China.

东风-5C到底有多牛?

How powerful is DF-5C?

在东风-5B亮相后,不到两年的时间里东风-5C就被曝光,它到底有哪些科技创新点?

DF-5C was exposed less than two years after DF-5B's debut. What technological innovations does it have?

“东风-5C能携带10个弹头,可在纵深数百公里区域内选择要打击的独立目标,还可调节打击时序和次序,大幅提高突防能力和打击效果。” 军事战略专家王云飞告诉记者,东风-5C的亮相使我国战略核力量的威慑效果更加灵活有效。

"Being able to carry ten MIRVs, DF-5C can strike independent targets in a region of hundreds of kilometers and adjust the timing and sequence of the strike, thus largely improving the penetration capability and strike effectiveness, " Wang Yunfei, an expert on military strategy, told the reporter. DF-5C makes the deterrence of China's strategic nuclear force more flexible and effective, he added.

有媒体梳理外媒对我国东风-5型导弹试验的报道发现,以往东风-5A、东风-5B时多是猜测搭载3—5枚分弹头,而这次的东风-5C跃升到10枚,明显表示战力已经倍增。

Some media found through China's tests of DF-5 missiles that DF-5A and DF-5B were able to carry three to five MIRVs, which increased to ten for DF-5C, indicating the multiplied combat capability.

还有一种观点则臆测,随着携带弹头数量的增加,表明东风-5C洲际导弹诱饵弹头的欺骗技术已经达到很高水平。

Others held that the increase of MIRVs indicated that the deceptive technology of DF-5C's bait warhead has reached a high level.

有军事专家分析称,中国很长一个阶段没能突破分导式多弹头技术,瓶颈在于核弹头的小型化。此次携带10枚分导弹头,正说明我们突破了这个技术瓶颈。

Some military experts analyzed that DF-5C can carry ten MIRVs means that China has broken through its technical bottleneck in downsizing nuclear warhead.

此时亮出东风-5C 到底有何深意?

Why is DF-5C unveiled now?

“每到特定阶段,中国都将公布武器装备的进展情况,这与中国推行公开、透明的军事力量有关。”王云飞说。

"China announces the progress on its weapon and equipment development at specific points, which has something to do with its policy on open and transparent military development," Wang Yunfei said.

王云飞表示此时亮出东风-5C是中国提升核力量整体威慑能力计划的一部分,寓意将更加深刻。

Unveiling the DF-5C now is part of China's plan to enhance the deterrent capability of its nuclear force, he added.

一是亮出最新的核“兵器”向国际社会展示中国战略博弈的决心和能力。

First, by demonstrating its latest nuclear "weapon", China shows the international community its resolve and capability of strategic gaming.

其实在2015年9•3阅兵式上,中国已经向世界展示了中国不但拥有打航母的大杀器,也拥有像东风-5B这样的新型大杀器。但是,这显然还不够,所以中国最近展示了已经部署的东风-41洲际弹道导弹,几乎同时又试射了东风-5C这款新改进的东风系列洲际导弹。

Actually at the military parade on September 3, 2015, China already showed the world that it not only had weapons against aircraft carriers, but also new weapons like DF-5B, but that's obviously not enough, so it recently revealed the DF-41 intercontinental missile that's already been deployed, and trial-launched the modified DF-5C at almost the same time.

二是对有关国家在中国周边部署“萨德”系统、试射和准备部署标准3IIA导弹等打破地区战略平衡行为的响应。中国此时试射东风-5C这样的大杀器,就是向世界表明,中国不会做任何战略上的让步。

Second, China is responding to a series of moves taken by certain countries that break the regional strategic balance, including deploying the THAAD system around China, trial-launching and preparing to deploy the SM-3 Block IIA missile. Trial-launching a major weapon like DF-5C now is to show the world that China won't make any strategic concession.

三是向韩、日等国家示威。 与日本在钓鱼岛、侵略史等历史遗留问题上的分歧相比,韩国决定部署“萨德”对中国来说更加紧急。关于“萨德”问题。

Third, China is displaying its strength to countries like the ROK and Japan. Compared with Japan's stance on the Diaoyu Islands and its history of aggression, the ROK's decision to deploy THAAD is a more pressing issue for China.

中国官方已多次表达关切和明确反对立场。此时,中国高调曝光部署东风-41,又试射东风-5C这样的大杀器,有针锋相对的意味。

The Chinese government has expressed its concern and opposition to THAAD repeatedly. Exposing the deployment of DF-41 on a high profile and trial-launching DF-5C now is a targeted response to ROK.

四是为陆上机动核导弹和下一代潜射核导弹分导式多弹头技术进行技术试验验证。中国已经在这项关键技术上取得了突破性进展。

Fourth, China is verifying the MIRV technology for mobile land-based nuclear missile and next-generation submarine-launched nuclear missile. China has made substantial progress in this key technology.

综合来看,中国未来的新型核武器,将至少具有“小型化”“机动化”“高超音速化”3个方向。

Generally speaking, China's new nuclear weapon in the future will be at least "downsized", "mobile" and "hypersonic".

王云飞表示,需要强调的是,尽管中国的核力量一直在增长,但至今规模较小,在5个国际社会公认的有核国家中始终保持在最低、最小的范围内。

Wang Yunfei stressed that despite the continual growth of China's nuclear force, it's still of a small scale and is kept in the minimal scope among the five nuclear countries recognized in the international stage.

因此,不管是东风-41的频繁曝光,还是东风-5C的成功试射都是为了保障中国和平崛起不受他国核武器威胁。

Therefore, both the frequent exposure of DF-41 and the successful trial launch of DF-5C are aimed to make sure that China's peaceful rise isn't threatened by nuclear weapons from any other country.

Disclaimer: The information, ideas or opinions appearing in this article are those of the author from the Global Times and do not reflect the views of eng.chinamil.com.cn. Eng.chinamil.com.cn does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same. If the article carries photographs or images, we do not vouch for their authenticity.

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