On guard against Japan's intelligence war against China

China Military
Zhang Tao

BEIJING, June 6 (ChinaMil) -- When answering a question raised by a Kyodo News reporter at the regular press conference of the Foreign Ministry on May 22, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying said, "according to my information, Chinese competent authority has legally investigated six Japanese citizens suspected of involving in illegal activities in China and notified relevant Japanese consulate in China in accordance to the China-Japan Consular Agreement."

Report by Kyodo News said that six Japanese citizens were detained in Shandong Province and Hainan Province in China respectively for "endangering China's national security".

Japan's extraordinary "interest" in intelligence about China

Chiang Kai-shek, who studied in Japan, felt deeply about this. "Everyone Japanese, both male and female, is a born 'spy'. Don't look down upon any Japanese that came to China. They are all tasked to collect information. Don't be fooled by their smile. The minute they turn around, they may kill you with the intelligence."

Japanese sociologist Nakane Chie’s opinion echoed what Chiang said. "Japan has spent more money on studies about China than studies about America. It is known as the country that has studied China the most and deepest, with more than 10,000 researchers in that field as well as millions of Chinese learners. They not only study Chinese history and culture, but also modern Chinese industries. Japanese scholars have a tacit understanding and they are engaged in different aspects of the research on China."

When employees of Japanese companies and institutions visit China, they all write detailed reports about their visits after going back and submit them to the Cabinet intelligence office, investigation department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Metropolitan Police Department, Defense Agency, and intelligence agencies of the Ministry of Justice. In contrast, although many Chinese travel to Japan today, they mostly just buy out their electric cooker and toilet lid, but have no interest in studying the country.

Some Japanese are so sensitive about intelligence that they are called "intelligence vacuum cleaner". For example, a delegation from a Japanese company once visited Tianjin City, and the light flashed during the meeting, and they immediately concluded that Tianjin was in power shortage. Later when a Tianjin company went to purchase electric equipment in Japan, the Japanese raised the price and made no compromise.

How deeply do Japanese know about China? Zi Zhongjun was former director of the Institute of American Studies of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and his father Zi Yaohua was born in a small village called Zi Jia Ao in the deep mountains of Leiyang, south China's Hunan province. The village had a kind of high-quality underground anthracite, leaving just a little white ash. It was very convenient for heating and cooking.

Due to poor traffic conditions, it was impossible to transport this kind of anthracite out of the village in large quantities, and there was no large-scale exploitation either because the reserve was small. No Chinese map, no matter how big and detailed it was, marked this remote village, but when Mr. Zi Yaohua studied in Japan later, he shocked to find investigative reports on Chinese provinces at the Tung Wen College, and they recorded that there was anthracite mine on a mountain in Tianxinpu in Hunan's Leiyang.

The Japanese are not only highly sensitive about intelligence, but are also powerful in intelligence analysis.

An issue of China Pictorial in 1964 had the cover photo of Wang Jinxi, the famous oil drilling worker at Daqing oilfield, who was wearing a fur hat and a thick cotton coat and looking into the distance against heavy snow with the handle of the drilling machine in hand. Behind him were scattered oil rigs.

Based on what Wang Jinxi was wearing in the photo, the Japanese inferred he was in an area between 46-48 degrees north, and further estimated that Daqing oilfield was between Qiqihar City and Harbin City. By the way Wang was holding the handle, they estimated the diameter of the oil well, and based on the distance from the rig Wang was standing on to the oilfield behind him and the derrick intensity, they calculated the rough reserve and output of the oilfield.

Based on in-depth intelligence analysis, a Japanese company soon designed oil drilling equipment suitable for the exploitation at Daqing oilfield, and it won the bid when China launched an international bid for the design plan for exploiting the oilfield.

What's the situation now? Xu Jingbo, a Chinese scholar who studied in Japan, president of Asian News Agency and founder of Japanese newspaper China Economic News, published a Chinese book titled A Calm Observation of Japan in 2015, in which there is an article titled "Nobody Pays More Attention to China than Japan".

The article said that after new leaders were elected in China in 2013, he hurried to the airport as soon as the premier's press conference was over because he was invited to introduce to Dentsu Group, Japan's largest advertising and publicity company, the characteristics of China's new leadership system.


Japan's intelligence war against China today

Japan's intelligence activities toward China reached a new height in recent years. In the information age, the main form of warfare is remote and accurate destruction, which requires accurate positioning. Therefore, Japanese spies turn to illegal precise surveying and mapping to collect information about China.

According to public report, Amano Hiroshimasa, a Japan’s military attaché in China, was discovered and arrested by Chinese authorities on October 26, 2002 when he was collecting information in a prohibited military zone in Ningbo.

On September 14, 2005, two Japanese nationals, came to China as tourists, and arrived in Hotan City of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on September 23. On that day, they installed a GPS receiver on a rooftop near Hotan airport as a fixed station and another one on their car as a mobile station to collect data.

They collected geographical coordinates of Hotan airport, Hotan City and important local water conservancy facilities and roads, with an accuracy of 20-50cm. When they were discovered and detained, police found mapping data of China’s other provinces in their laptop.

In March 23-27, 2007, two Japanese men carried out illegal surveying and mapping activities in Nanfeng, Yingtan, Shangrao and Qianshan cities of south China's Jiangxi Province in the name of archaeological research, with two portable GPS receivers, disk of English topographic map in the scale of 1:250,00 and 1:500,000, and laptops.

The Jiangxi provincial national security and surveying and mapping authorities investigated the two men, and found that two of the coordinates they collected were top military secret, four were secret and one was confidential, posing a grave threat to the security of China's military facilities.

In 2008, a Japanese spy was arrested for spying out and taking photos of a military facility in north China's Hebei Province. On February 20, 2010, a Japanese citizen was discovered conducting surveying and mapping activities in Xinjiang's Tacheng with a portable GPS receiver. He had collected 598 geographical coordinates, 588 of which were within Xinjiang and 85 concerning military zones in Tacheng.

It is also reported that in May 2015, a Japanese man was arrested for breaking into a military facility in east Zhejiang Province. Also that year, a Japanese man who frequently appeared on the China-DPRK border caught the attention of Chinese security department, and he admitted during interrogation that he worked for the Japanese government.

Aohiromasa, chairman of Nippon and Taiwan Economic Group

Since Japanese spies adopted all kinds of measures to cover up their espionage, some of them stole Chinese secrets for tens of years. For example, Aohiromasa, chairman of Nippon and Taiwan Economic Group, came to China as an economic scholar. Starting from 1982, he submitted 150 reports on China to Japan's Ground Staff Office. He even published a book in Japan in 2009 to tell his spy experience.

Another example is Hideji Suzuki, the head of the Sino-Japanese Youth Exchange Association, who was arrested in China in July 2016 for the suspicion of conducting espionage in the country.

On August 14, 1983, he visited China at the invitation of All-China Youth Federation. During the 33 years since then, he came to China about 150 times. In April 2016, he was invited to be a guest researcher at the Investigation Bureau of Japanese House of Representatives and was responsible for investigating and analyzing the China situation and DPRK issues. In May that year, he gave a speech titled "China's diplomacy" at the Investigation Bureau.

It's clear that Japanese spies have carried out illegal reconnaissance and surveying activities in China on a large scale and for a long time, either disguised as tourist or scholar or blatantly as spy.

The examples listed above are individual cases that we have discovered, but it's impossible to count the large amount of Japanese who have come to China, either in official or unofficial capacity, with the mission of collecting intelligence. The Chinese people should always be on guard against them.

In the era of information-based war, the coordinate system and starting points are top secret in all countries. Advanced satellite photography is able to take clear pictures of objects on the ground, but they cannot be accurately located without coordinates.

The illegal surveying and mapping of geographical coordinates in China by Japanese spies can guide their missiles and guided bombs to accurately destroy important targets of China.

Once Japan wants to bomb strategically important targets in China, the positioning information collected by their professional and amateur spies through illegal activities will cost China immense losses.

Written by Wu Minwen from College of National Defense Information Science of China


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