BEIJING, July 26 (ChinaMil) -- It's been over a month since Indian soldiers crossed the China-India border and entered a standoff with Chinese border troops in the Doklam region. The border issue has always been a major sensitive issue between China and India, and "playing fire" on this issue is bound to undermine bilateral relations. If it is so stubborn as to refuse to withdraw its troops from the border, it will only make a fool of itself.
The rights and wrongs of this matter are very clear and India should bear full responsibility for it. The standoff took place in the Sikkim section of the China-India borderline, which was demarcated according to the Sino-British Treaty in 1890. The Indian government confirmed the demarcation repeatedly in written forms over the years and the two sides have never had any dispute over it for 127 years.
The basic principle of international laws demands that the treaty should be observed. This time the Indian side violated the treaty and blatantly crossed the demarcated borderline, which is essentially different from the past border frictions between the Chinese and Indian border troops in undemarcated areas and is of very bad influence.
However, despite the iron-clad evidences, India, instead of withdrawing its troops, found all kinds of excuses to defend itself in the attempt to confuse the public. It either called the Sikkim section a "disputed area on China-India borderline" or claimed that "the road construction by China caused security risks to India", or used the "protection of Bhutan" as an excuse, or described the Doklam region as at the "intersection of three countries".
But those excuses can only embarrass India and cannot change the basic fact that Doklam has always been Chinese territory and under China's effective jurisdiction. It's never a disputed area.
It's as clear as daylight that the Indian troops trespassed on the border, and even senior Indian officials admitted that Chinese troops never entered Indian territory in this event. In other words, it's the Indian soldiers that entered Chinese territory.
Whatever excuses the Indians used, trespassing into another country is something no sovereign nation would tolerate, much less the way to get along with a neighboring country.
China has made great efforts and overcome many difficulties in order to maintain the general China-India relationship.
In 2015, China agreed to open a route from the Nathula pass in the Sikkim section of China-India border to Tibet for official Indian pilgrims. After the Indian side trespassed on its border this time, China displayed great self-restraint and lodged solemn representations to India, demanding it to withdraw its border troops back to the Indian side to maintain peace and serenity in the border area.
India must understand that the Chinese people have unshakable resolve to defend national territorial sovereignty and won't make any compromise on this point. India's withdrawal of all trespassing troops is the precondition and foundation for solving this issue.
In the 1950s, countries including China and India jointly initiated the five principles of peaceful co-existence, namely "mutual respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence". What the Indian troops did this time was completely the opposite to those principles.
We advise India to change its tune as soon as possible and not go any further along the wrong path.
Disclaimer: The article is written by Zheng Mingda from the Xinhua News Agency. The information, ideas or opinions appearing in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the views of eng.chinamil.com.cn. Chinamil.com.cn does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.